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by Jerry Fodor,Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini

Download What Darwin Got Wrong fb2, epub

ISBN: 0374288798
Author: Jerry Fodor,Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini
Language: English
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux; 1st Edition edition (February 16, 2010)
Pages: 288
Category: Evolution
Subcategory: Science
Rating: 4.1
Votes: 291
Size Fb2: 1575 kb
Size ePub: 1415 kb
Size Djvu: 1389 kb
Other formats: lit mbr azw docx


What Darwin Got Wrong is a 2010 book by philosopher Jerry Fodor and cognitive scientist Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini, in which the authors criticize Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection

What Darwin Got Wrong is a 2010 book by philosopher Jerry Fodor and cognitive scientist Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini, in which the authors criticize Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection.

Massimo Pigliucci tells us what Darwin got right. However, the biggest splash yet has to be attributed to the profoundly inane What Darwin Got Wrong, co-authored by philosopher of mind Jerry Fodor and cognitive scientist Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini – neither of whom, interestingly, is either an evolutionary biologist or a philosopher of science. This rather slim volume alleges to show why scientists and philosophers of science got evolution all wrong over the past 150 years, apparently without anyone noticing the blunder.

Darwin is under fire again, but Mary Midgley feels that his ideas have been .

Darwin is under fire again, but Mary Midgley feels that his ideas have been misrepresented. I am pleased to see that Fodor and ­Piattelli Palmarini introduce these facts in a chapter headed "The Return of the Laws of Form" and connect them with the names of D'Arcy Thompson, Conrad Waddington and Ilya Prigogine. Though they don't actually mention Goethe, that reference still rightly picks up an important, genuinely scientific strand of investigation which was for some time oddly eclipsed by neo-Darwinist fascination with the drama of randomness and the illusory seductions of simplicity. This book is, of course, fighting stuff, sure to be contested by those at whom.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. I think I have extracted the gist of the book, and I found this quite interesting, except for some of the sloggy writing.

March 2015 · Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education.

Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini, a. .What Darwin Got Wrong will be controversial.

Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini, a distinguished philosopher and scientist working in tandem, reveal major flaws at the heart of Darwinian evolutionary theory. They do not deny Darwin's status as an outstanding scientist but question the inferences he drew from his observations. This is a rare achievement – the short book that is likely to make a great deal of difference to a very large subject. The authors' arguments will reverberate through the scientific world. At the very least they will transform the debate about evolution. To read this book, upload an EPUB or FB2 file to Bookmate. How do I upload a book?

But according to the cognitive scientists Jerry Fodor and Massimo ­Piattelli-Palmarini, they are all mistaken.

But according to the cognitive scientists Jerry Fodor and Massimo ­Piattelli-Palmarini, they are all mistaken. Despite their book's title (of course there were things that Darwin got wrong), the authors don't simply think he missed a few details.

What Darwin Got Wrong is a remarkable book, one that dares to challenge the theory of natural selection as an explanation for how evolution works—a devastating critique not in the name of religion but in the name of good science.Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini, a distinguished philosopher and a scientist working in tandem, reveal major flaws at the heart of Darwinian evolutionary theory. Combining the results of cutting-edge work in experimental biology with crystal-clear philosophical arguments, they mount a reasoned and convincing assault on the central tenets of Darwin’s account of the origin of species. The logic underlying natural selection is the survival of the fittest under changing environmental pressure. This logic, they argue, is mistaken, and they back up the claim with surprising evidence of what actually happens in nature. This is a rare achievement—a concise argument that is likely to make a great deal of difference to a very large subject. What Darwin Got Wrong will be controversial. The authors’ arguments will reverberate through the scientific world. At the very least they will transform the debate about evolution and move us beyond the false dilemma of being either for natural selection or against science.

Comments:

Cordann
Although after the first chapter I was going to quit reading, I continued and I'm happy I did it. The aggressive tone of the authors may wash up your motivation when you first start reading. Also you immediately understand that you can't read this book as a novel but more like studying a textbook. If you manage to ignore these and give it some time, then you'll enjoy an educational discussion. I'm just interested in biology but have no formal education in that field. After books like Selfish gene and Ernst Mayer articles, this book helped me having a broader insight into the subject. Not being a biologist every single argument of this book (Free rider traits, Plasticity, transitivity, the loop in adaptationism and ...) seemed convincing to me, yet after talking about them with my biologist colleagues, seemed to me that many of these topics were already in debate. Personally I found this book informative and to some good extent convincing, yet I'm not a biologist and I need to read more of these genre.
Arilak
This is an excellent review and criticof the theory of evolution based on natural selection. Execllent examples are given of alternative explanations of the evolutionary process. Whether one agrees or not with the authors; I found the book expands my knowledge base and is well written narrative.
Aradwyn
The thesis and argument of this book intrigue me no end, but not because it's about evolution, which neither the authors nor I question for a moment. The interest for me, and I suspect at least for Fodor, is at the purely meta-theoretical level: How could Darwinism have seemed so enticing all these years while yet being practically vacuous? Philosophers have suspected something fishy all along; but at the same time we have reveled in Darwinism. I still have no doubt whatever that Darwin was a great scientist. But the point of this book - far more arcane for the layperson than the title might suggest, and even a matter of relative indifference to practicing biologists, but crucial for philosophers of biology - is that natural selection is at best a minor player in the explanation of speciation and at worst an empty if not incoherent notion.

Incoherent because calling a natural process "selection" repeats the very error of the religionists that Darwinism supposedly exploded, namely, that there is purposiveness in the physical universe. But aside from the name, the process of trait survival via a mutation's superior suitability for a given environment turns out to be only one of many, maybe very very many, mechanisms that biology has discovered to be instrumental in producing the creatures who inhabit the Earth. None of this throws any cold water on science or on physical determinism, only on the claims that (1) (so-called) natural selection is the primary mover of evolution and (2) this process merits the name (natural) "selection." As I say, (2) is a somewhat esoteric point (albeit exquisitely interesting to folks like me), while (1) is no news at all to practicing biologists, according to the authors of this book.

I share the authors' amazement and distress that this book has been pilloried by so many people who should know better. However, the authors do not help their case by having written this book in such a shorthand way. It's really quite sloppily, even illogically organized in places, and makes little to no effort to explain various technical material for the lay reader, especially the biology, instead relying on catalogs of quotations of dubious value or import. I am now impatient for a better writer to make the same case.
Otiel
This book is written by two academicians, who review the biological literature on evolution. Both are atheists, and they reject two key arguments:

1) They reject the theory that natural selection is the only or sole force for evolution through adaptation -- the sole explainer. Some of the literature review is slow going... endogenous genetic structures that determine change differently than mere exogenous closeness of fit, change without adaptive fit or pure natural selection; mathematical forms impinging on the way creatures and plants develop, once again a non-natural selection constraint on the ways that species change over time. They argue that modern biologists, in their work, are moving away from pure natural selection and towards a mixed endogenous/exogenous model of the way biological change occurs, and that this renders natural selection and neo-Darwinism incorrect, from a biological perspective.

2) They then move on in relatively oblique fashion to the philosophical uses of neo-Darwinism to explain physics, the world, and the idea of a pan-evolutionary theory of existence. If natural selection does not explain everything of biological change, just some things... then it cannot arguably explain everything of physics or material physical existence. For example, if mathematical forms (spiral development in shells, the way that buds are mathematically dispersed on branches as a function of distance from hormone secreting cells) explain some of animal and plant development, then isn't the material and physical universe, as a matter of physics, only partly explained by evolution.

As atheists, they do not in any way argue that this allows room for God, creation, or such. But they do confront the argument that "evolution explains everything you need to know, there is no need for anything else, God, etc" by clarifying that evolutionary theory does not explain everything about how animals and plants change, much less how mathematics and physics constrain material reality. Much less human psychology.

As a result, they expose the way evolution has been allowed to appear as settled by scientists who do not want to encourage creationism, and how this has stalled the discussion. As a result, license has been given to the Dawkinsian argument that somehow evolution explains all of the material, physical, and psychological/spiritual world. The authors conclude that if natural selection is not the sole or total explainer of evolution, then evolution cannot be the total explainer of all of existence. This is, then, an argument that the model of neo-Darwinian evolution is redolent of the hubris of scientism...

This book will no doubt encourage those who see a clear ancillary argument as follows: Any argument that exposes the limits of scientific explanation opens the door for supernatural explanations. This would be simplistic, it is not argued by the authors... yet there it is. I would say that the first part of the statement, that science has limitations, is made clear by this excellent tour through the complexities and limits of evolutionary theory -- a theory that is not rejected, just conditioned by facts on the ground, the work of scientists.

This book could have been more readable, more accessible, and more clear as to what the authors are actually arguing. I think I have extracted the gist of the book, and I found this quite interesting, except for some of the sloggy writing. The worst is their analogy between Skinnerian psychology and evolution: this is abstruse, and the analogy is stretched, even if accurate. Got it, both theories embrace simplistic models that exclude complexity. We get it, bot have mechanistic operations at their heart that are belied by both data and common sense. Moving along...

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