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by Horace Campbell

Download Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya fb2, epub

ISBN: 1583674136
Author: Horace Campbell
Language: English
Publisher: Monthly Review Press (March 1, 2013)
Pages: 208
Category: Politics & Government
Subcategory: Politics
Rating: 4.1
Votes: 506
Size Fb2: 1364 kb
Size ePub: 1489 kb
Size Djvu: 1465 kb
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Horace Campbell has demonstrated an amazing grasp of the multi-dimensional geopolitical dynamics involved in the new, Global NATO's attempts at hegemony.

Horace Campbell has demonstrated an amazing grasp of the multi-dimensional geopolitical dynamics involved in the new, Global NATO's attempts at hegemony.

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He traces the origins of the conflict. has been added to your Cart.

ation of NATO and its Catastrophic Failure in Libya . Globalization of NATO and its Catastrophic Failure in Libya. The books The Globalization of NATO and Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya deal with the expansion of a military alliance that was supposed to be solely defensive in character and confined to Europe.

He traces the origins of the conflict, situates it in the broader context of the Arab Spring uprisings, and explains the expanded role of a post-Cold War NATO.

The NATO Intervention in Libya: A Lesson of Colossal Failure. NATO had been bombing Libya for nearly five months and the demands for ending the bombing had been growing louder. When the Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings erupted in Africa in the first two months of the year 2011 with the chant, The people want to bring down the regime, there was hope all over the continent that these rebellions were part of a wider African Awakening.

His most recent book, Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya: Lessons for Africa in the Forging of. .

His most recent book, Global NATO and the Catastrophic Failure in Libya: Lessons for Africa in the Forging of African Unity, exposed the duplicity and hypocrisy of the counter revolution in Libya that is now acting as a force for the destabilisation of North Africa. He is frequently invited to lecture international gatherings around the world.

Horace Campbell,a distinguished scholar, provides us with a different view of the Libya tragedy and describes it as a ‘catastrophic failure

Horace Campbell,a distinguished scholar, provides us with a different view of the Libya tragedy and describes it as a ‘catastrophic failure. It is a catastrophe for Africans and humankind, a failure for both NATO and the UN. It should be always remembered that ‘choosing to protect the nation is an honor and selling it out is the greatest betrayal,’ as Campbell writes at the end of the book. Anshan Li, Director of the Institute of Afro-Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Peking University, Beijing, China

Campbell points out that while political elites in the West were quick to celebrate the intervention in Libya as a success, the NATO campaign caused many civilian deaths and destroyed the nation’s infrastructure.

Campbell points out that while political elites in the West were quick to celebrate the intervention in Libya as a success, the NATO campaign caused many civilian deaths and destroyed the nation’s infrastructure. Furthermore, the instability it unleashed in the forms of militias and terrorist groups have only begun to be reckoned with, as the United States learned when its embassy was attacked and personnel, including the ambassador, were killed. Campbell’s lucid study is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand this complex and weighty course of events.

The presidents rules in a dictatorial manner. His failure to consider other people as worth his attention and service leads to his downfall. The article presents a contemporary figure who suffered as a result of self-exaltation and pride. Theatre Journal, 57 (1), 112-114. Oedipus is a Greek king. Fate decrees that he will die at the hands of his own son. He therefore partakes an act to avert the prescribed destiny.

In this incisive account, scholar Horace Campbell investigates the political and economic crises of the early twenty-first century through the prism of NATO’s intervention in Libya. He traces the origins of the conflict, situates it in the broader context of the Arab Spring uprisings, and explains the expanded role of a post-Cold War NATO. This military organization, he argues, is the instrument through which the capitalist class of North America and Europe seeks to impose its political will on the rest of the world, however warped by the increasingly outmoded neoliberal form of capitalism. The intervention in Libya—characterized by bombing campaigns, military information operations, third party countries, and private contractors—exemplifies this new model.

Campbell points out that while political elites in the West were quick to celebrate the intervention in Libya as a success, the NATO campaign caused many civilian deaths and destroyed the nation’s infrastructure. Furthermore, the instability it unleashed in the forms of militias and terrorist groups have only begun to be reckoned with, as the United States learned when its embassy was attacked and personnel, including the ambassador, were killed. Campbell’s lucid study is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand this complex and weighty course of events.

Comments:

invasion
Horace Campbell has demonstrated an amazing grasp of the multi-dimensional geopolitical dynamics involved in the new, Global NATO's attempts at hegemony. He lays out beautifully how, as Noam Chomsky puts it, consent is manufactured by Western governments, through controlling of narratives with the help of subservient media (taking care of course, to allow the media wriggle room to leave in place at least a veneer of holding government to account).

Beyond this point however, Campbell digs deeper into the the complex games being played out in the African continent to assure Western domination, largely (a) to undermine selling power on the part of the owners of Africa's natural resources, and (b) to head off non-Western blocs such as those of the BRICS in any competition for those same resources. Most tellingly he refers to the financial-military complex that has superseded the old industrial-military complex in the West (having ceded the industrial part to China among others). He also picks apart in detail the linkages and motivations that led to NATO's intervention in Libya, culminating in a convincing argument that far from being a capture gone awry, Mu'ammar Gaddafi was, in fact executed for his role in promoting a united Africa and in seeking to wrest control of oil, gas, and water assets from Western powers while denying egregious proportions of their economic value to Western financial institutions.

Perhaps the most troubling aspect of Campbell's analysis is that the well-worn strategy of divide-and-conquer continues to work and always will. But instead of its modern manifestation being to capture and hold territory, the focus has shifted to "capturing" and controlling natural resources through Somalianization of resource producing countries. In short, subverting national cohesion, impeding the formation of continent-wide economic, social, political, monetary, and military union, and the deployment of small contingents of Special Ops and mercenaries to protect those relatively few locations at which resources are extracted, but in today's vogue, under the guise of either an endless war on terror or a "humanitarian" intervention - rubber stamped by the UN. I could go on but one really has to read this book to grasp the depth and breadth of its scope, which is truly magnificent. It is all the more so, given Campbell's lucid style and digestible rendition of the often bewilderingly many and not always coherent factors influencing events.

There are a few issues however, that I would take with the author.

First, he has not elaborated the commercial dimensions of media's abetting neoconservative and neoliberal agendas, producing in effect a financial-military-communications complex where the profit incentives among the media conglomerates are not to be discounted. These are not explored as deeply as I would have wished.

Second, I think he would have served his argument better by dedicating a chapter to a more nuanced profile of Gaddafi and cataloging his well documented excesses. This would have added credibility to his claims of demonization of Gaddafi carried out by Western powers, though he does masterfully pick apart precisely how this demonization took place. Bad people can also be demonized and we don't get a really clear sense of the real demon Gaddafi versus the fabricated one, with the work sometimes bordering on being apologist.

Third, I would have welcomed a chapter in which Campbell directs his conclusions to awaken his Western readers' moral obligation to reconsider what the "[American][European] way-of-life" costs the underdeveloped world and Africa in particular. He seems to stop just a bit short of stirring those particular emotions, possibly to retain the scholarly representation of the book. And that brings me to my last point.

Campbell occasionally indulges in something of an unwarranted polemicist tone when he almost always describes wars as being "against the people of..." any country to which he refers. In so doing without parsing how he concludes that the populace and not the regime of the given country were the targets reveals a lack of detachment which I believe does not serve him well.

All small points against the big messages of this book though, so I have no hesitation in giving it 5 stars and would love to see a future edition reflect unfolding events since the time of this one's publication.
Taun
It is a wonderful book that differs from other books on Libyan Civil War and support of Nato. Great to know how things were managed, organized and failed by Nato!
Arcanefist
Nice book with extensive information of what happened in 2011, also confirmed by recent leaks on the media about the conflict inside the US Administration (DoD and DoS). By saying that the results were catastrophic in not enough; it was more than that. However, the book appears to be too much oriented against the intervention and does not present the position of the opposite side. Pierpaolo Lunelli
Azago
Very good!
Mazuzahn
In his book the author argues that Nato is "the instrument through which the capitalist class of North America and Europe seeks to impose its political will on the rest of the world, however warped by the increasingly outmoded neoliberal form of capitalism". Within the peace and justice movement, the author argued that although Muammar al-Gaddafi should be opposed, "it was equally necessary to oppose the NATO intervention" (p. 10). For the author, Nicolas Sarkozy was the champion of the "uprisings" but at the end it has not paid off politically for him. Although colonialism has formally ended some decades ago, France is still considered the gendarme of Europe in Africa. It is against the reality of the NATO intervention in Libya, like Nicolas Sarkozy's statement shows: "We will fight to save the euro." (p. 29) In September 2012, the media reported that "Gaddafi was killed by a French secret serviceman on orders of Nicolas Sarkozy". (p. 11) Was this the thanks for the 50 million U.S. Dollars to Sarkozy's election campaign in 2007?

According to Campbell, the NATO intervention has served to speed up awareness in Africa that the African Union must be strengthened to be able to meet the political, diplomatic, and military requirements to resist external military missions such as that of NATO in Libya. Gaddafi had to go because he was more a champion of African than Arab unity. Therefore, the Arab League took revenge and called for Gaddafi's overthrow. In the case of Syria, the Arab League shows the same vile attitude and collaborates with the Western colonial powers against the interest of their own peoples. The coup against Gaddafi was aimed at the"destruction of the ideas of African unity" (p. 32) and African freedom. Gaddafi had supported the speedy creation of the African Central Bank and the building of an African Monetary Union.

When the uprising started, young Western-minded intellectuals hijacked the protest in Libya. Some of them had been closely associated with Gaddafi's oldest son Saif al-Islam. These reformers had internalized neoliberal economic thinking and wanted Libya to become like Kuwait or the Gulf States - basically client states of Western capital. They were the opponents of the defenders of "Libyan
resources nationalism". These nationalists promoted policies designed to increase Libyan government control over and share of revenue from hydrocarbon resources. (p.256) The increasing presence of Russia, Brazil, and China in Libya challenged the old world order from the view of Western multinationals.

Besides the destruction of African unity and freedom, the other main objective was to get, especially, the Chinese out of Libya. (p. 188) The U. S-led Nato wanted to deny China's free access to long-term oil imports from Africa and the Middle East. As Appendix 4 shows, China was by far the largest investor in the country. (p.289) Militarily, AFRICOM was created to contain China and contribute the "Global war on terror" to Africa.

In his afterword, Ali Mazrui, Director and Albert Schweitzer Professor in the Humanities at Binghamton University in New York, mentions that the war on Libya was the second aggression by the north against the south. The first was the attack against Egypt by France, Great Britain, and Israel in 1956. Mazrui mentions the numerous killings of black persons in Libya. Most of them were ordinary civilians rather than "mercenaries" fighting for Gaddafi. "These racist incidents and the reaction of the mainstream Western media brings to the fore the issues of race in international relations." (p. 268) Mazrui quotes the notorious Samuel P. Huntington who was at "his best" when he discussed how the West masquerades as "the world community," and uses the United Nations to give universalist credentials to Western interests. "The very phrase " world community" has become the euphemistic collective noun (replacing `Free World') to give global legitimacy to actions reflecting the interests of the United States and other Western powers", writes Huntington. In Mazrui's words, the United Nations has become the collective fig-leaf for rapacious Western actions.

The war of aggression against Libya was anything but a success. Thousands of civilians were killed, the infrastructure destroyed, and the country fell into the hands of extremist militias and terrorist groups. Just a few months ago, the U. S. ambassador and some American diplomats were killed in Bengasi. The book also shows that the important decisions are made at Wall Street, at Goldman Sachs, the FED, and perhaps in the ECB. The politicians need to perform. They are the puppets of the international financial complex and the transnational capitalist class and have to use the tool of "humanitarian intervention" or (R2P) to advance the neo-liberal economic model.

Campbell's lucid analysis shows that the overthrow of "dictator" Gaddafi had nothing to do with humanitarianism; instead it was an ice-cold power play of politicians on behalf of the global financial elite. The book is highly recommended.

Dr. Ludwig Watzal works as a journalist and editor in Bonn, Germany.

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