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by Mark L. Kligman

Download Maqam and Liturgy: Ritual, Music, and Aesthetics of Syrian Jews in Brooklyn (Raphael Patai Series in Jewish Folklore and Anthropology) fb2, epub

ISBN: 0814332161
Author: Mark L. Kligman
Language: English
Publisher: Wayne State University Press; Har/Com edition (January 7, 2009)
Pages: 288
Category: History & Criticism
Subcategory: Literature
Rating: 4.3
Votes: 981
Size Fb2: 1819 kb
Size ePub: 1810 kb
Size Djvu: 1218 kb
Other formats: lit rtf doc lrf


Mark Kligman scientifically dissects the liturgies of Jews living in Brooklyn whose heritage is Syrian, particularly that of Aleppo.

Mark Kligman scientifically dissects the liturgies of Jews living in Brooklyn whose heritage is Syrian, particularly that of Aleppo. This very large community differs from Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazy Jews of Europe and the exiled Sefardic Jews who kept some Ladino by centering on Arabic culture, including Arabic music. Although their rituals and worship is in Hebrew, the sung melodies are in Arabic modes or scales, the maqams, which like Hindustani ragas, vary in emotional effect and situational associations.

Maqam and Liturgy book. Raphael Patai Series in Jewish Folklore and Anthropology (1 - 10 of 28 books). Though the process of adapting Arab music and aesthetics into a Jewish liturgical context dates back to the tenth century, the perpetuation of two interconnected Middle Eastern cultures in America is a unique phenomenon. No trivia or quizzes yet.

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This book explores the cultural connection between Syrian Jewish life and Arab culture in present-day Brooklyn, New York, through liturgical music.

This book explores the cultural connection between Syrian Jewish life and Arab culture in present-day Brooklyn, New York, through liturgical music. Syrian Jews in Brooklyn, New York, number more than forty thousand and constitute the largest single group of Jews from Syria in the world. Their thriving community includes fifteen synagogues in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, where the practice of singing Arab melodies is a cornerstone of their religious services.

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In Maqam and Liturgy, author Mark L. Kligman investigates the multidimensional interaction of music and text in Sabbath prayers of the Syrian Jews to trace how Arab and Jewish traditions have merged in this particular culture, helping to illuminate a little-known dimension. Kligman investigates the multidimensional interaction of music and text in Sabbath prayers of the Syrian Jews to trace how Arab and Jewish traditions have merged in this particular culture, helping to illuminate a little-known dimension of Jewish identity and Jewish-Arab cultural interaction.

The maqam system is characteristic of, and can be used to classify, all Arabic music. Kligman, Mark, Maqam and Liturgy: Ritual, Music and Aesthetics of Syrian Jews in Brooklyn, Detroit 2009. The term maqam has various shades of meaning. On the most basic level, a maqam is a musical scale. A few of these consist of steps of a whole tone and half a tone in the same way as the Western diatonic scale. Others also admit steps of one and a half tones, like the Western harmonic minor and the steiger of Ashkenazic cantorial practice.

Kligman, Mark L. Maqām and liturgy: ritual, music, and aesthetics of Syrian Jews in Brooklyn. It is unclear whether he was referring to the Gospel of the Hebrews, the Gospel of the Nazoraeans or the Gospel of the Ebionites, and whether these names refer to the same or different books.

Mark Kligman specializes in the liturgical traditions of Middle Eastern Jewish communities and various areas of popular Jewish music

Mark Kligman specializes in the liturgical traditions of Middle Eastern Jewish communities and various areas of popular Jewish music. He has published on the liturgical music of Syrian Jews in Brooklyn in journals as well as his book, Maqām and Liturgy: Ritual, Music and Aesthetics of Syrian Jews in Brooklyn (Wayne State University, 2009), which shows the interconnection between the music of Syrian Jews and their cultural way of life. His other publications focus on the intersection of contemporary Jewish life and various liturgical and paraliturgical musical contexts.

Syrian Jews in Brooklyn, New York, number more than forty thousand and constitute the largest single group of Jews from Syria in the world. Their thriving community includes fifteen synagogues in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, where the practice of singing Arab melodies is a cornerstone of their religious services. In Maqam and Liturgy, author Mark L. Kligman investigates the multidimensional interaction of music and text in Sabbath prayers of the Syrian Jews to trace how Arab and Jewish traditions have merged in this particular culture, helping to illuminate a little-known dimension of Jewish identity and Jewish-Arab cultural interaction.

Based on fieldwork conducted in 1990-91, Kligman worked closely with the leading Syrian cantors who maintain the community's traditional practices and pass them on to the next generation. Kligman's research demonstrates that Arab culture is manifest in the liturgy of Syrian Jews on many levels. Namely, the maqam system, the modal scales of Arab music, organizes Syrian liturgy through the adaptation not only of Arab melodies but the aesthetics of Arab musical practices, including the extra-musical associations of maqamat that determine which of the eleven modes is to be used. Kligman contextualizes the music and liturgy of Syrian Jewish worship within the disciplines of ethnomusicology, Judaic and cultural studies, and anthropology. A 23-track audio supplement of liturgical chanting is available for download at wsupress.wayne.edu/maqamandliturgy.

Though the process of adapting Arab music and aesthetics into a Jewish liturgical context dates back to the tenth century, the perpetuation of two interconnected Middle Eastern cultures in America is a unique phenomenon. Maqam and Liturgy brings the fascinating culture fusion of the Syrian Jews to the attention of a wider audience, including scholars and teachers of Jewish studies, Middle Eastern studies, anthropology, and ethnomusicology.

Comments:

Impala Frozen
Ethnomusicologists may be divided into structural musicologists and functional anthropologists, those who examine the history and form of music and its instruments and those who probe the events where music is involved and how communities are affected by it. Mark Kligman scientifically dissects the liturgies of Jews living in Brooklyn whose heritage is Syrian, particularly that of Aleppo. This very large community differs from Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazy Jews of Europe and the exiled Sefardic Jews who kept some Ladino by centering on Arabic culture, including Arabic music. Although their rituals and worship is in Hebrew, the sung melodies are in Arabic modes or scales, the maqams, which like Hindustani ragas, vary in emotional effect and situational associations. Developed from his dissertation, the book is scholarly and dry. While reading, despite fascination with the novel subject, I thirsted for some liveliness and pathos. Only the occasional but brief interviews with cantors offer some emotional insights. Perhaps the most interesting discussion concerns how each section of the five books of the Torah, read sequentially over the year at services, is associated with particular maqams, a few of which differ from that in Israel and elsewhere. Challenging the view that emotional affect is inherent in the mode, sadness is associated with maqam hijaz while it is maqam saba among most Arabs, though hijaz is also regarded as melancholic. In addition, there are daily maqams, which are the basis of other prayers; these may vary largely on whim of the cantor and brings interest and anticipation to the service. The aesthetics of singing is similar to that found in Arab communities, but with limitations. Words or phrases are not repeated. The cantor can shift to different maqams or tetrachords or modulate the voice with ornamentation or tailor the rhythm with strategic pauses. Kligman also discusses the role and art of the cantor in assisting worship, and contrasts the intentions and listeners' response to the Syrian Jewish service with the Muslim recitation of the Qur'an. This book adds to the appreciation of Judeo-Arab interactions and shared cultural heritage, embodied in a living religious style in cosmopolitan New York.
Manona
Mark Kligmsn takes on from where Kay Kaufman-Author of "Let Jasmine Rain Down, Song and Remembrance" leaves, he wonderfully goes in details of the Maqam system used by the Syrian Aleppo Jewish Community in the US-today in their Synagogues!-the Audio CD is very good, it helps you to understand the various melodies used…A great work done on the Syrian Aleppo Jewish Community...

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