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by David Hume

Download An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding fb2, epub

ISBN: 159986763X
Author: David Hume
Language: English
Publisher: Filiquarian (November 7, 2007)
Pages: 150
Category: History & Criticism
Subcategory: Literature
Rating: 4.6
Votes: 265
Size Fb2: 1241 kb
Size ePub: 1707 kb
Size Djvu: 1930 kb
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An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is a book by the Scottish empiricist philosopher David Hume, published in English in 1748

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is a book by the Scottish empiricist philosopher David Hume, published in English in 1748. It was a revision of an earlier effort, Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, published anonymously in London in 1739–40. Hume was disappointed with the reception of the Treatise, which "fell dead-born from the press," as he put it, and so tried again to disseminate his more developed ideas to the public by writing a shorter and more polemical work.

But Hume, in his An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, countered with equal stoutness, denying the validity of any . Hume first published his ideas concerning sensory impressions in A Treatise of Human Nature (1739).

But Hume, in his An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, countered with equal stoutness, denying the validity of any conclusion not reached by sensory experience. If one could not form impressions by sight, taste, touch, sound, or smell, then the significance of that impression, in Hume's opinion, had to be discounted. Written when Hume was not yet twenty-five, this book was a powerful indictment of the overarching reliance on reason to fathom all of Nature's secrets.

Start by marking An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding as Want to Read .

Start by marking An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read. A mountain of discussion has accumulated since Hume published his book, and it would be presumptuous of me to give my opinions when so many extremely clever people have already done so. I am, however, struck by something I have noticed in the course of my professional career. I have worked in Artificial Intelligence and related subjects since the early 80s, and during that period the field has suffered a profound change.

Moral philosophy, or the science of human nature, may be treated after two different manners; each of which has its peculiar merit, and may contribute to the entertainment, instruction, and reformation of mankind. The one considers man chiefly as born for action; and as influenced in his measures by taste and sentiment; pursuing one object, and avoiding another, according to the value which these objects seem to possess, and according to the light in which they present themselves

Электронная книга "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding", David Hume

Электронная книга "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding", David Hume. Эту книгу можно прочитать в Google Play Книгах на компьютере, а также на устройствах Android и iOS. Выделяйте текст, добавляйте закладки и делайте заметки, скачав книгу "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" для чтения в офлайн-режиме.

LibriVox recording of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, by David Hume.

Part 3. Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. 1: Different kinds of philosophy

Part 3. 1: Different kinds of philosophy. Most of the principles and reasonings contained in this volume were published in a work in three volumes called A Treatise of Human Nature-a work which the author had planned before he left college, and which he wrote and published not long after.

His arguments in support of reasoning from experience, and against the 'sophistry and illusion' of religiously inspired philosophical fantasies, caused controversy in the eighteenth century and are strikingly relevant today, when faith and science continue to clash

Extracted from: Enquiries Concerning the Human Understanding, and Concerning the Principles of Morals, By David Hume.

Extracted from: Enquiries Concerning the Human Understanding, and Concerning the Principles of Morals, By David Hume. Late Fellow of University College, Oxford. Of the Origin of Ideas III. Of the Association of Ideas IV. Sceptical Doubts concerning the Operations of the Understanding V. Sceptical Solution of these Doubts VI. Of Probability VII. Of the Idea of necessary Connexion VIII.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is an important 18th century work by Scottish empiricist and philosopher David Hume. As a follow up and attempt to simplify his earlier effort in A Treatise of Human Nature, Hume works to introduce his philosophical concepts to a more well-educated European readership. In this work Hume discusses the limited powers of human understanding, the role of free will in consideration with determinism and the weak foundation of religion. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is highly recommened for those who are interested in major philosophical writings and those who are interested in the writings of David Hume.

Comments:

dermeco
This is one of the most impressive free kindle editions of a book that I have read. It is taken from a 1902 printing (a 2nd edition) that was reprinted from the posthumous edition of 1777. It includes endnotes and an extensive index put together by L.A Selby-Bigge, a late fellow of University College, Oxford. There is a table of contents at the beginning with hyperlinks. The endnotes also have hyperlinks, which makes it easy to read the notes and jump back to the text. The index also has hyperlinks. This is the first kindle freebie that I have seen with these features. This is handy for this type of book. Note that Hume is Scottish and the book was originally written in English.

I have always had an interest in philosophy and history and finally got around to reading this foundational work. The title describes exactly what this book is about. Hume starts by giving a brief introduction to philosophy and then jumps into the main questions. The biggie is where do ideas come from? How do we understand things? What is instinct, inspiration? It is interesting that his answers to these questions still hold up well to modern thought.

Hume wrote this book at a time and place where Calvinism still held great sway and God was thought to be behind every thought and action. His ideas were radical and I was interested to see how he tried to delicately handle ideas that would potentially offend many of his readers.

I highly recommend this seminal work to any one interested in philosophy and enjoys stretching their minds a bit. This is something I will refer to often. I continue to enjoy the access my Kindle gives me to great classics like this.
Skilkancar
This book is not the "best" book of philosophy. It is more. Nor is it the "king" of philosophy books. It is more. It is, to say the least, the "god" of the books of philosophy. The issues discussed are only the most serious philosophical issues. The arguments are not merely compelling but also beautiful, appealing. And the spirit is that of the enlightenment at its most robust form. A word for philosophy lovers: please read this book with your utmost concentration and you will love its ideas and enjoy its prose. The author may not convince everyone but challenges anyone that reads his philosophy. So you will be challenged, intrigued, motivated to question some or all of your convictions, or be persuaded to agree with the author. But more importantly, you will adore Hume.
Armin
Rene Descartes (1596-1650), "the father of modern philosophy," was a rationalist who attempted to attain certainty by discovering "first principles" on which he could overcome skeptical doubt and establish irrefutable truth. He claimed that one thing is absolutely certain: Cogito, ergo sum ("I think, therefore I am"). From this solid rock on which to stand, he proceeded to claim that by reason alone he could prove the existence of God, the immortality of the soul, and the reality of an afterlife.

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was trained in the rationalist tradition, but when he read David Hume's work, the impact shattered his way of thinking. In the preface to his `Prolegomenon,' Kant stated that reading Hume woke him from his "dogmatic slumbers." If Hume was right, then metaphysics, as Kant had previously believed it, was impossible, nothing but "sophistry and illusion." In his most famous work, Critique of Pure Reason, Kant wrote, "I have therefore found it necessary to deny knowledge [that is, show the limits of reason and human understanding] in order to make room for faith."

An empiricist and skeptic, David Hume (1711-1776) was born and died in Edinburgh, Scotland. His magnum opus, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748), like Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (1781), is one of the key texts of the 18th-century Enlightenment. Taking a dim view of miracles, mysticism, and metaphysics, Hume skeptically asserted that empirical proofs of religion (such as the existence of God, the immortality of the soul, and an afterlife) are not possible. In effect, he was saying (to paraphrase Kant), "I have therefore found it necessary to deny knowledge [that is, reason and human understanding] in order to make room for lack of faith [that is, to make room for skepticism and unbelief]."

In the famous last paragraph of his Enquiry, Hume writes: "When we run over libraries, persuaded of these [empirical and skeptical] principles, what havoc must we make? If we take in our hand any volume: of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance, let us ask: Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number? No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact and experience? No. Commit it then to the flames: For it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion."

Hume clarifies the terms "a priori" reasoning (deduction) and "a posteriori" empiricism (induction). Deductive reasoning is done "before experience," such as the mathematical conclusion that 2 + 2 = 4. Inductive reasoning is done "after experience"; it is the scientific method (forming hypotheses, performing experiments, and observing phenomena). The former process, "abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number" (as in mathematics and geometry), does indeed produce certainty. However, the latter process produces, at best, only probability (albeit often a strong probability), based as it is on the assumption of "the uniformity of nature" (that the universe will be the same in the future as it is in the present). Therefore, Hume's "empiricism" is qualified by its open-ended character (as scientific hypotheses are subject to revision as new evidence is produced).

Hume's "skepticism" is also qualified. Although Hume admits that, technically, Pyrrhonism (excessive skepticism) cannot be philosophically disproven, Hume recommends the practicality of a "mitigated" or moderate skepticism that acknowledges the importance of common sense and common life.

Hume's Enquiry is, one might quip, not an easy work for our "human understanding" to grasp. This is especially true of his erudite, but daunting, explications of cause and effect. Another challenging chapter deals with the ages-old dispute between determinism and free will. His controversial and provocative essay, "Of Miracles," caused howls of protest from those accusing him of atheism, and resulted in his forever being excluded from a professional academic career.

The Clarendon Critical Edition of Hume's Enquiry is recommended. It contains a substantial (55-page) introduction by the editor (Tom L. Beauchamp, Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University), who explains the intellectual background to the work and surveys its main themes. This edition also includes detailed explanatory notes on the text, annotations, a glossary of terms, a full list of references, and a section of supplementary readings.

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