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by Richard Hofstadter

Download The Progressive Historians--Turner, Beard, Parrington (A Phoenix book) fb2, epub

ISBN: 0226348180
Author: Richard Hofstadter
Language: English
Publisher: Univ of Chicago Pr (November 1, 1979)
Pages: 498
Category: Americas
Subcategory: History
Rating: 4.7
Votes: 334
Size Fb2: 1335 kb
Size ePub: 1951 kb
Size Djvu: 1771 kb
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In "The Progressive Historians" Hofstadter analyzes the work of three great historians of the first half of the twentieth century, Frederick Jackson Turner, Charles A. Beard, and Vernon L. Parrington. Turner's "Frontier Thesis" influenced a generation of thinkers seeking to understanding the distinctiveness of the American culture. Beard's model of economic conflict of haves versus have nots highlighted class warfare as the dominant theme in American history

Late in his life, however, Hofstadter had made a long journey from progressive to consensus history, and he found in a close reading of Turner, Beard, and Parrington a bankruptcy of their emphasis on political and economic conflict. Raised to a high form by a generation of historians between 1910 and 1950, Hofstadter believed that the weakness of this conflict interpretation was laid bare in "the collapse of Europe, the horrors of the war and the death camps.

Start by marking The Progressive Historians: Turner, Beard, Parrington (Phoenix Book) as Want to Read . Richard Hofstadter was an American public intellectual, historian and DeWitt Clinton Professor of American History at Columbia University.

Start by marking The Progressive Historians: Turner, Beard, Parrington (Phoenix Book) as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read. In the course of his career, Hofstadter became the iconic historian of postwar liberal consensus whom twenty-first century scholars continue consulting, because his intellectually engaging books and essays continue to illuminate contemporary history.

The Progressive Historians: Turner, Beard, Parrington, 1968. systematically analyzes and criticizes the intellectual foundations and historical validity of Charles Beard's historiography; the book "signalled a growing support for neoconservatism" by Hofstadter

The Progressive Historians: Turner, Beard, Parrington, 1968. systematically analyzes and criticizes the intellectual foundations and historical validity of Charles Beard's historiography; the book "signalled a growing support for neoconservatism" by Hofstadter. While not publishing his harshest thoughts, Hofstadter said privately that Turner no longer was a useful guide to history, because he was too obsessed with the frontier and his ideas too often had "a pound of false-hood for every few ounces of truth. Howe and Finn argue that rhetorically, Hofstadter's.

The Progressive Historians: Turner, Beard, Parrington. by Richard Hofstadter. Richard Hofstadter was one of the finest and most revered historians of his generation

The Progressive Historians: Turner, Beard, Parrington. Richard Hofstadter was one of the finest and most revered historians of his generation.

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Lee Benson, "Turner and Beard".

Charles A. Beard, Mary R. Beard; Main Currents in American Thought: The Colonial Mind (Vol. I); The Romantic Revolution in America (Vol. II). Vernon Louis Parrington. T. V. Smith - 1927 - Ethics 38 (1):112-. Pragmatism and the Practice of History: From Turner and Du Bois to Today. Parrington and the Jeffersonian Tradition. Lee Benson, "Turner and Beard". Burleigh Wilkins - 1963 - History and Theory 3 (2):261. The Populist Interpretation of American History: A Materialist Revision.

Product: book ISBN-10: 0-226-34818-0 ISBN-13: 9780226348186 Publisher: University Of Chicago Press Year: November .

Progressive Historians Richard Hofstadter Random House, P, 1985 . The Progressive Historians Richard Hofstadter Knopf, 1969 . catalog.

бесплатно, без регистрации и без смс. Richard Hofstadter, the distinguished historian and twice winner of the Pulitzer Prize, brilliantly assesses the ideas and contributions of the three major American interpretive historians of the twentieth centur. Richard Hofstadter, the distinguished historian and twice winner of the Pulitzer Prize, brilliantly assesses the ideas and contributions of the three major American interpretive historians of the twentieth century: Frederick Jackson Turner, Charles A. Beard and . These men, whose views of history were shaped in large part by the political battles of the Progressive era, provided the Progressive movement with a usable past and the American liberal mind with a historical tradition.

Richard Hofstadter, the distinguished historian and twice winner of the Pulitzer Prize, brilliantly assesses the ideas and contributions of the three major American interpretive historians of the twentieth century: Frederick Jackson Turner, Charles A. Beard and V.L. Parrington. These men, whose views of history were shaped in large part by the political battles of the Progressive era, provided the Progressive movement with a usable past and the American liberal mind with a historical tradition. The Progressive Historians is at once a critique of historical thought during this decisive period of American development and an account of how these three writers led American historians into the controversial political world of the twentieth century. Turner, in developing his idea that American democracy is the outcome of the experience of frontier expansion and the settlement of the West, introduced his fellow historians to a set of new concepts and methods, and in doing so doing re-drew the guidelines of American historiography. Beard insisted upon the elitist origins of the Constitution, crusaded for the economic interpretation of history, and ultimately staked his historical reputation on an isolationist view of recent American foreign policy. Parrington emphasized the moral and social functions of literature, and read the history of literature as a history of the national political mind. In recent years, the tide has run against the Progressive historians, as one specialist after another has taken issue with their interpretations. The movement of contemporary historical thought has led to a rediscovery of the complexity of the American past. Although he cannot share the faith of the Progressive historians in the sufficiency of American liberalism as a guide to the modern world, Richard Hofstadter believes we have much to learn about ourselves from a reconsideration of their insights.

Comments:

Frosha
The Progressive Historians -- Turner, Beard and Parkington arrived in excellent [brand new] condition considering the book is 47 years old. I am very pleased with the seller thank you from David L.
Ceroelyu
I had read the chapter on Beard as part of a class paper I was doing. I found it a good start. But as I got deeper into Beard, it became apparent that Hofstadter didn't like Beard and would put whatever Beard said in the worst possible light. In at least one case he went too far, attributing to Beard's -An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution- a statement not actually there. (I even checked through different editions. On further checking, I found where Hofstadter admits in an endnote that he got the quote from someone else.) I'll give Hofstadter the benefit of the doubt -- after all, he didn't have a computer to do word searches through texts -- but it's still sloppy. Yet, I can't condemn a work for one mistake.

It was the overall tone that I found wanting, like where he seems to purposely misunderstand Beard's adaptation of German historiography and claim that Beard was just not smart enough to understand it.

Another complaint I have to register is that while Beard spent years explaining and re-explaining what he wrote in 1913, and admitting that he originally overstated his case because that was the only way for his thesis to get attention, Hofstadter continually referred back to the original 1913 book and only to the 1913 book to examine Beard's thinking on convention delegate biases.

So, anyway, I have to say, to understand Beard, it's better to actually read Beard.

As a final parting shot, the book should really be called Historians of the Progressive Era, because calling them "Progressive Historians" implied they had more in common other than living in the same period. Certainly Turner, the constructor of the myth of the frontier, is not very closely related to Beard, the de-mythologizer of American history.
Moogura
Richard Hofstadter was one of the finest and most revered historians of his generation. His body of work epitomized what has been labeled the "consensus school" of American history, wherein he emphasized the larger themes that drew Americans of all perspectives and backgrounds together. At a fundamental level, therefore, Hofstadter concentrated on intellectual history, celebrating the long tradition of shared American ideals and values while de-emphasizing conflict. He questioned the ideas and people who challenged those cherished principles, seeing in many of them strains of authoritarianism, anarchy, and narrow- and simple-mindedness of all varieties. His work advocated a pragmatic liberalism that he believed was in constant jeopardy from forces of fear, anti-intellectualism, and authoritarianism. Hofstadter leapt to fame with "The American Political Tradition: and the Men who Made It" (1948) in which he celebrated the ideals of democracy and liberalism and took aim at dark, divisive ideas in American thought.

In "The Progressive Historians" Hofstadter analyzes the work of three great historians of the first half of the twentieth century, Frederick Jackson Turner, Charles A. Beard, and Vernon L. Parrington. Turner's "Frontier Thesis" influenced a generation of thinkers seeking to understanding the distinctiveness of the American culture. Beard's model of economic conflict of haves versus have nots highlighted class warfare as the dominant theme in American history. Parrington's "Main Currents in American Thought" emphasized the stresses and strains of American life. All three were advocates of a progressive interpretation of American history; that is, a commitment to explaining the advance of American democracy in which "the people" battled against "the interests" leading to a more equitable, just society.

As Hofstadter shows, progressive reform was a persistent aspect of these historians, leading them to a fundamental "presentism" in their work. He finds that their flawed, conflict-dominated account of American history pitted a forward looking Western ethos against the prejudices and status quo mindset of the East. For Hofstadter, this missed a crucial point; virtually all conflict in American history had revolved around who had the largest share of the economic abundance of the nation. What conflict that existed, Hofstadter asserted, was over the size of the slices of the pie, not over the shape or type of pie, much less a more fundamental debate over whether to have pie or cake. The conflict that the progressive school emphasized, for Hofstadter, was conducted within a larger consensus over basic ideas and values that all agreed to.

Hofstadter admitted that he was initially attracted to the interpretation of the progressive school. He explicitly singled out reading Charles Beard's pivotal work, "An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution" (1913), which depicted the framers as landed aristocracy seeking to ensure their own wealth through the creation of a government that abandoned the principles of equality advanced in the American Revolution in favor of securing property rights, as a turning point in his intellectual career.

Late in his life, however, Hofstadter had made a long journey from progressive to consensus history, and he found in a close reading of Turner, Beard, and Parrington a bankruptcy of their emphasis on political and economic conflict. Raised to a high form by a generation of historians between 1910 and 1950, Hofstadter believed that the weakness of this conflict interpretation was laid bare in "the collapse of Europe, the horrors of the war and the death camps." He thought it forced a rethinking of America and led to "a revival of the old feeling that the United States is better and different" (p. 438). Additionally, "the cold war brought a certain closing of the ranks, a disposition to stress common objectives, a revulsion from Marxism and its tendency to think of social conflict as carried à outrance" (p. 439). In such a context, he asserted, the interpretations of the progressive historians seemed quite out of touch with the issues of concern to those seeking to understand the past as an entrée to present situations.

Although published in 1968, one of the last works of Richard Hofstadter because he died in 1970 of leukemia at age 54, "The Progressive Historians" represents a mature critique of a dominant school of thought in the study of the American past. But Hofstadter goes much farther in this book, criticizing the "cheerleading" of the status quo offered by some consensus historians with whom he very much disliked being lumped with, especially Daniel Boorstin and Louis Hartz, arguing that their brand of historical analysis is fatally flawed. He noted that Hartz, and to a lesser extent Boorstin, both engaged in reductionism and view American development as "questions of political thought" even as they claim that "political thought in this country has never amounted to much" (p. 456). Instead, he recommends the consensus school as but one answer to "a whole set of new questions about the extent to which agreement prevails in a society, who in fact takes part in it, and how it is arrived at" (p. 454).

Nearly forty years after its publication, "The Progressive Historians" remains an important study of American historiography and a work with which those seriously interested in the course of historical studies in the United States should become familiar.

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