The Acid Rain Sourcebook. by Thomas C. Elliott.
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Describes what acids are and how the level of acidity is measured, the effect of acid rain on the environment and society. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. or. Download to your computer.
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH). It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals and infrastructure. Acid rain is caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids.
Acid rain went from being a pollution disaster to an environmental success story. The first international altercation over acid rain was the US accusing Canada of acidifying lakes in the boundary waters, says Schindler. Schindler attended a meeting in Minneapolis, Minnesota, along with other Canadian scientists and their US counterparts. Acid rain was at one time the number one Canada-US bilateral issue - Adèle Hurley.
Acid rain, or acid deposition, is a broad term that includes any form of precipitation that contains acidic components, such as sulfuric acid or nitric acid, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The precipitation is not necessarily wet or liquid; the definition includes dust, gasses, rain, snow, fog and hail. The type of acid rain that contains water is called wet deposition. Acid rain formed with dust or gasses is called dry deposition.
Acid rain also contains nitrogen, and this can have an impact on some ecosystems. For example, nitrogen pollution in our coastal waters is partially responsible for declining fish and shellfish populations in some areas. Not all acidic deposition is wet. Sometimes dust particles can become acidic as well, and this is called dry deposition. When acid rain and dry acidic particles fall to earth, the nitric and sulfuric acid that make the particles acidic can land on statues, buildings, and other manmade structures, and damage their surfaces. The acidic particles corrode metal and cause paint and stone to deteriorate more quickly.
When acid rain reaches Earth, it flows across the surface in runoff water, enters water systems, and sinks into the . The effects of acid rain, combined with other environmental stressors, leave trees and plants less healthy, more vulnerable to cold temperatures, insects, and disease.
When acid rain reaches Earth, it flows across the surface in runoff water, enters water systems, and sinks into the soil. A virtual tree graveyard of Norway spruce in Poland bears the scars of acid rain. Caused when rain droplets absorb air pollution like sulfur and nitrogen oxides, acid rain weakens trees by dissolving nutrients in the soil before plants can use them. The pollutants may also inhibit trees' ability to reproduce. Some soils are better able to neutralize acids than others.