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Download Khomeini: Life of the Ayatollah fb2, epub

by Baqer Moin

Download Khomeini: Life of the Ayatollah fb2, epub

ISBN: 0312264909
Author: Baqer Moin
Language: English
Publisher: Thomas Dunne Books; 1st U.S. ed edition (June 15, 2000)
Pages: 368
Category: Leaders & Notable People
Subcategory: Biography
Rating: 4.8
Votes: 268
Size Fb2: 1727 kb
Size ePub: 1621 kb
Size Djvu: 1765 kb
Other formats: mbr lrf docx doc


When the Ayatollah Khomeini burst onto the international scene in the late 1970s, radical Islam became a factor of political life that would change the world. And with the Iranian Revolution that Khomeini led in 1978/79.

When the Ayatollah Khomeini burst onto the international scene in the late 1970s, radical Islam became a factor of political life that would change the world.

In his epic book, that took him ten years to complete, Baqer takes us on the comprehensively written journey of a man named ‘Rohullah Khomeini’, and shows us how one man and God, can change the course of history. And with the Iranian Revolution that Khomeini led in 1978/79, religion once more moved center stage in world politics. Who was this frail octogenarian who became the inspiration for a new militant Islam? Khomeini was the most radical Muslim leader of this age. He launched an Islamic revival movement which quickly turned him into a hero for his supporters and a villain for his enemies

Companions and followers of the Ayatollah Khomeini have many stories of his disinterest in his personal wealth and comfort and concern . Khomeini: Life of the Ayatollah. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. Schirazi, Asghar (1997).

Companions and followers of the Ayatollah Khomeini have many stories of his disinterest in his personal wealth and comfort and concern for others. While the Imam was sometimes flexible over doctrine, changing positions on divorce, music, birth control, he was much less accommodating with those he believed to be the enemies of Islam.

The Ayatollah Khomeini was the most radical Muslim leader of this age. In transforming himself from a traditional Muslim theologian into the charismatic Iranian ruler who took on the world, Khomeini launched an Islamic revival movement that, with the collapse of communism, quickly evolved for some as the centre-piece in the pantheon of western demonology, and for others as the inspiration for spiritual and political rebirth. Whether viewed as a hero by his supporters or as a villain by his enemies, Khomeini was undoubtedly one of the seminal figures of the twentieth century, whose.

United Against Nuclear Iran. Islamic Azad University South Tehran Branch. Class of 1950 · Tehran, Iran. Tehran International School. Class of 1946 · Shahrak-E Qods, Tehran, Iran. Current City and Home Town.

Khomeini: Life of the Ayatollah. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2000. Islamic Values and World View: Khomeyni on Man, the State and International Politics. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983. User Contributions: 1. Azimjan. Aug 18, 2008 @ 9:21 pm. I need this page for my study about him, I like to know true story about him and Islamic revolution. Loved this Objective book! By Thriftbooks. com User, November 28, 2007.

St. Martin's Press, 1999 - 352 sivua

St. Martin's Press, 1999 - 352 sivua. This biography examines the process which saw an old Muslim theologian overthrow the Shah of Iran and become the leader of a militant Islamic regime. It examines the background and early life of the Ayatollah and the ideas and beliefs that lay behind his opposition to the Shah and formed the foundation of the new Islamic state.

The Ayatollah Khomeini was the most radical Muslim leader of this age. In transforming himself from a traditional Muslim theologian into the charismatic Iranian ruler who took on the world, Khomeini launched an Islamic revival movement that, with the collapse of communism, quickly evolved for some as the centre-piece in the pantheon of western demonology, and for others as the inspiration for spiritual and political rebirth. Whether viewed as a hero by his supporters or as a villain by his enemies, Khomeini was undoubtedly one of the seminal figures of the twentieth century, whose influence will extend some way into the new millennium. Baqer Moin here explores how and why this frail octogenarian, dressed in the traditional robes of a Muslim cleric, overthrew the secular Shah of Iran and became the spiritual leader of a new and militant Islamic regime. Still an enigma in the West, Khomeini transformed the Middle East and the world. But where did the man come from? What was his childhood and family background? What lay behind his implacable opposition to the Shah? What role did the turbulent events in Iran during his youth play in shaping Khomeini's political perceptions? What changed him from an obscure traditional theologian with mystical and poetic inclinations into a combative and highly vengeful radical? How will his vision of an international community of Muslims, a kind of Islamic Internationale, affect the Middle East?Drawing on many exclusive personal interviews with Khomeini's associates, on unpublished new materials and on the author's firsthand experience in Islamic seminaries, this biography provides a fascinating, well-documented and highly accessible analysis of the life and thought of one of the most controversial leaders of the late twentieth century.

Comments:

MisTereO
The Ayatollah Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini was the central actor of the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, and one of the truly transformational men of history. Without understanding Khomeini, one cannot understand the revolution, nor the state he left behind (with which we are still dealing to this day). This is probably the best treatment of him available in English, despite its limitations, and so I consider it an essential part of the reading of anyone who wants to understand modern Iran. I also found it entertaining to read.

Yet I have to say that this book would have been better subtitled "The PUBLIC Life of the Ayatollah." Baqer Moin has not written a true biography of Khomeini, for few details of his life are included which are not directly relevant to his public role. We read virtually nothing of his family life, for example, and only learn of the names of two of his sons (he had several children) when they become part of his public life. Maybe he had no hobbies or acquaintances outside of theology and politics; nevertheless, the book is fairly narrowly drawn.

Moin does well to bring out Khomeini's mystical side. The ayatollah was not simply a radical Islamist, he was a mystic and a theologian of rare intellectual creativity. He is best known for his doctrine of velayat-e-faqih (the principle is a general one, but his conceptualization of it is radically different from most Shia clerics, including those considered authorities worthy of emulation by all believers, the marja-e-taqlid). Yet his ideas on Islamic spirituality, while not original - they were controversial because they derived from Muslim mystics long condemned by clerics - were combined with his concept of Islamic political philosophy in a revolutionary way.

Khomeini was also a philosopher, and he enjoyed writing poetry, some of which (in translation) is pretty good. There is also some discussion of the more traditional elements of his thinking, although not enough to really constitute an intellectual biography. A fuller biography would flesh out his intellectual development much more.

Readers should beware that Moin assumes a fair amount of knowledge of 20th century Iranian history. For example, with regard to the November 1979 hostage-taking at the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Moin doesn't mention it at all when he covers 1979, but later - assuming the reader is aware of the ongoing hostage crisis - begins talking about how Khomeini used it to his advantage in internal struggles. He does the same thing with regard to Iraq's invasion of Iran in the fall of 1980; he doesn't mention the war starting or discuss it on its own terms to provide background, but at one point just jumps into how Khomeini reacted to it. (The reviewer who described this book as a history of 20th century Iran clearly hasn't studied Iranian history.)

Moin's picture of Khomeini includes the elements familiar to Westerners; his intense dogmatism, his radical commitment to Muslim power, his ruthlessness and his blindness to the immense suffering caused by his decisions. Yet demonization does not bring understanding, and it is important for Westerners to understand the charisma and power of mind and person possessed by this man. Khomeini was not representative of most Shia Muslims, and certainly not most Muslims, but the phenomenon he and his movement represented is an integral part of the Muslim world, and of our world today.
Ustamya
A very well-written biography on a rather unknown man in the West (which is odd, considering the effect he has had on the latter part of the 20th Century).

As other reviewers have noted, this book is more than just a biography of Khomeini. It is also the story of an evolving Iran in the 20th Century, and can be read for that reason alone. But, from the humble roots of Khomeini's ancestors, to the man who became known as the "Imam," the book tells the often fantastic tale of Khomeini's remarkable, yet ultimately destructive, life.

Now, I must say first that I despise the man Khomeini for the things he has done to this once rich and beautiful country, full of intelligent people and beautiful history. But, after reading this objectively written book, I have grown to respect the man - not for his horrible ideas, and not for his brutal nature, but because of the things he was able to accomplish, however horrible and misguided they were.

As the jacket notes, Khomeini helped overthrow the rule of man and replace it with the rule of God (according to him, of course). This seems backwards when considering the modern revolutions, where dynastic kings and divine monarchs were tossed out (with their arbitrary rule) in favor of the rule of man, law and justice. What's remarkable is that Khomeini was able to do this while wearing the robe of a cleric. Unlike other dictators like Saddam, Mao, Stalin, or even Castro, Khomeini did not strut around as a tough-guy in military fatigues. he did not openly carry a weapon nor did he openly rule as a "thug." Rather, he appeared holy and worked hard at keeping that image. In fact, there is no doubt that Khomeini was probably a very deeply religious person who truly believed he was instituting the rule of Allah on Earth. It is this aspect of Khomeini that sets him apart from other dictators (although the bloody aftermath and the arbitrary and brutal rule he imposed keep him firmly in the dictator category). The author does a great job of explaining, throughout Khomeini's life, with examples and contemporaneous reports, how he was able to use propaganda, the spiritual nature of Persian society, unhappiness with the Shah, perceived influence by the Brits and Americans, and the power he attained as a religious leader, to overthrow the regime and put in place his "rule by God."

Of course, he had the help of the Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah once he got the ball rolling, but the story of the man and his Religious Revolution is quite fascinating. The author includes excerpts of Khomeini's writings (some of which are no more than spiritual poems, others give hints to his eventual rule and treatment of women). The author also includes anecdotal evidence of Khomeini's hatred for the Western world while he was in exile in Turkey and France.

The book also does a good job of detailing the moves of Khomeini's rivals and enemies, showing you just how close his Revolution was to failing, etc. A few times you wonder why the Shah did what he did...

And, like all good biographies (if you ask me), this book starts from the beginning and works to the end completely chronologically, from his grandparents, to his birth and boyhood, to his young ministry, to his aging, and finally his death. The book does not skip around between decades and so it reads smoothly. The author does not overwhelm the reader with names and places, either.

Very well done.

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